The training system used in all vineyards is spurred cordon: each plant brings four or five “spurs” to the cordon on which the buds originate as do the shoots for the year’s production. Although this training system allows for some mechanized agricultural procedures, most of the work is carried out manually throughout the year in order to tend to the unique qualities of each vine.
The plant density is about 5,000 plants per hectare, ideal for this terrain, to obtain a balanced development of the canopy and roots of the vines as well as of a production of top quality grapes.
In each vineyard the type of rootstock is chosen according to the physical-chemical components of the soil: they are used to graft rooted cuttings that produce loose packed bunches with quite small seeds. In the 1990s, an experimental vineyard was planted where diverse historical clones were reunited and catalogued to compare each one’s characteristics from the same type of soil.
The vineyards of the estate are planted on a downward slope from the winery to the Orcia River, which marks the property line. On this long strip of land, the altitude and soil composition vary and the grapes express the diversity of this territory in a completely original way. Sangiovese is indeed a grape variety that is very sensitive to the environment in which it is grown; the type of agronomical choices made and their timing and execution throughout the season are also important factors in obtaining high quality grapes.